Titanic American Strife ~ Karl Marx.
Marx congratulates President Lincoln on his reelection. Sherman and his officers enjoy their progress through Georgia. A Southern belle despairs.
November 25– Friday– Richmond, Virginia– “Judge Lyons’ Court. Only one case was tried in this court yesterday – namely, that of William Bohannon, the young man who, on the 25th ult., shot with a musket and killed, at Seabrook’s hospital, in this city, James S Brooks, a little boy 8 years old. The jury acquitted the prisoner upon the ground that he was at the time of the commission of the horrid deed, and still is, insane. Prisoner was committed to jail and ordered to be sent to the insane asylum at Staunton.” ~ Richmond Daily Whig.
November 25– Friday– Columbia, South Carolina– “Sherman is thundering at Augusta’s very doors. My General was on the wing, somber, and full of care. The girls are merry enough; the staff, who fairly live here, no better. . . . There is nothing but distraction and confusion. All things tend to the preparation for the departure of the troops. It rains all the time, such rains as I never saw before; incessant torrents. These men come in and out in the red mud and slush of Columbia streets. Things seem dismal and wretched to me to the last degree, but the staff, the girls, and the youngsters do not see it.” ~ Diary of Mary Chesnut.
November 25– Friday– west of Sandersville, Georgia– “Soon learned on the road that bridge or bridges over Buffalo Creek burned: a troublesome place, swampy, creek spreads, really nine successive short bridges. Two or three stories about who burned bridge– Negroes said done by this man, others by party from Sandersville. General [Sherman] very angry at it, no wonder– got to talk about proposed burning of this house– quite a good one, two story frame with several out-houses, cabins, etc. Good blacksmith shop with very good set carpenter’s tools. Ewing was for burning house. I opposed it without evidence that owner had burned or helped burn bridge. General [Sherman] was sitting near, unobserved by me, but, as usual – for nothing escapes him– heard and noticed conversation. Presently he broke in. ‘In war everything is right which prevents anything. If bridges are burned I have a right to burn all houses near it.’ Poe rebuilt bridges rapidly and well, and the whole delay was only about four hours. Learned that rebel cavalry were on t’other side and a few shots exchanged at first but no harm done.” Diary of Union officer Henry Hitchcock.
November 25– Friday– London, England– David Roberts, Scottish-born painter who specialized in painting Egypt and the Middle East, dies at age 68. Queen Victoria was one of his patrons.
November 25– Friday– London, England– “We congratulate the American people upon your re-election by a large majority. If resistance to the Slave Power was the reserved watchword of your first election, the triumphant war cry of your re-election is Death to Slavery. From the commencement of the titanic American strife the workingmen of Europe felt instinctively that the star-spangled banner carried the destiny of their class. The contest for the territories which opened the dire epopee, was it not to decide whether the virgin soil of immense tracts should be wedded to the labor of the emigrant or prostituted by the tramp of the slave driver? . . . . the working classes of Europe understood at once, even before the fanatic partisanship of the upper classes for the Confederate gentry had given its dismal warning, that the slaveholders’ rebellion was to sound the tocsin for a general holy crusade of property against labor, and that for the men of labor, with their hopes for the future, even their past conquests were at stake in that tremendous conflict on the other side of the Atlantic. Everywhere they bore therefore patiently the hardships imposed upon them by the cotton crisis, opposed enthusiastically the proslavery intervention of their betters– and, from most parts of Europe, contributed their quota of blood to the good cause. While the workingmen, the true political powers of the North, allowed slavery to defile their own republic, while before the Negro, mastered and sold without his concurrence, they boasted it the highest prerogative of the white-skinned laborer to sell himself and choose his own master, they were unable to attain the true freedom of labor, or to support their European brethren in their struggle for emancipation; but this barrier to progress has been swept off by the red sea of civil war. The workingmen of Europe feel sure that, as the American War of Independence initiated a new era of ascendancy for the middle class, so the American Antislavery War will do for the working classes. They consider it an earnest of the epoch to come that it fell to the lot of Abraham Lincoln, the single-minded son of the working class, to lead his country through the matchless struggle for the rescue of an enchained race and the reconstruction of a social world.” ~ Letter from Karl Marx and the Central Council of the International Workingmen’s Association to President Lincoln.