We Have High Hopes~October 1864~the 3rd to 6th

We Have High Hopes ~ Marion Hill Fitzpatrick.

Southern soldiers, civilians and President Jeff Davis remain optimistic and encourage others that Sherman’s army can be driven from Georgia. Federal troops ravage the Shenandoah Valley. Plenty of fighting continues in many places. An arrest will lead to an important Supreme Court case. All the while the world goes on.

damage in Atlanta

damage in Atlanta

October 3– Monday– Wheeling, West Virginia– “Mr. W. W. Sharp, a refugee from Atlanta arrived in this city on Saturday. General Sherman sent those of the people of Atlanta who could establish their loyalty, North, and those who made no pretensions to loyalty were sent South. Mr. Sharp says that the rebels have their last man in the army. He has seen old men at work in the trenches who were so feeble that they could not get out without assistance. One of the councilmen who, together with the Mayor of Atlanta, sent a petition to General Sherman asking him to reconsider his order banishing the people from the town, came as far North as Louisville in company with Mr. Sharp. When the war broke out the councilman was worth a half a million in money. Now he is an almost destitute condition possessed of only a little money than was necessary to bring himself and family North.” ~ Wheeling Intelligencer.

October 3– Monday– Mt Sidney, Virginia– “The Yankees are now near Harrisonburg, but I hope they will not be there long. They did but little damage in Augusta county; burned a few barns and mills in the lower end of the county, but in Rockingham they have done a vast amount of damage, burning mills, barns, wheat and hay stacks, and robbing houses. . . . They are all well at home. Got a good deal frightened about the Yankees. What are you doing and all the family? I should be delighted to see you all, but see no chance now. I have only been three days at home since March. My love to all. Write me soon.” ~ Letter from Confederate officer Jedediah Hotchkiss to his brother Nelson.

October 3– Monday– Richmond, Virginia– “We regret to learn that Lewis E. Harvie, Esq., President of the Danville [rail] road, met with a serious accident on Saturday evening last. He was on his way to the city on a hand car, and when near Manchester came in collision with the up passenger train, by which the hand car was thrown from the track, and Mr. Harvie had his thigh broken and received other injuries. Prompt medical treatment was afforded him, and we trust he may soon recover from his injuries.” ~ Richmond Sentinel.

October 3– Monday– Columbia, South Carolina– General Hood now has his eye “fixed upon a point far beyond that where he was assailed by the enemy. . . . And if but a half, nay one-fourth, of the men to whom the service has a right, will give him their strength, I see no chance for Sherman to escape from a defeat or a disgraceful retreat.”~ Speech by President Jeff Davis.

Jefferson Davis

Jefferson Davis

October 3– Monday– Dooly County, Georgia– “I believe the people have fully recovered now from the discouraging effects produced by the fall of Atlanta. I don’t hear any advocate reconstruction. All seem to be, since seeing General Hood’s communication to Sherman, and hearing President Davis’ speech in Macon on his visit to General Hood’s headquarters, more determined than ever if possible, not to be subjugated. I’m unable to enlighten you with any new incidents from our army, or allow me, to call it, merely the Georgia army. I don’t like to claim it as ours so long as it meets with so many reverses. You say ‘You are proud to belong to General Lee’s army.’I’ve heard the same expression from many who belonged to that army and I agree with you that you ought to consider it an honor. In my last [letter], I think I said it was thought General Bragg would supercede Hood, it should have been Beauregard, although he hasn’t done so yet, but many think it probable.” ~ Letter from Maggie Cone to her fiance Alva Benjamin Spencer.

October 3– Monday– near Kennesaw, Georgia; Miller’s Station, Missouri; Morganza, Louisiana; Mount Elba, Arkansas; Mount Jackson, Virginia; North River, Virginia– Raids, demonstrations and skirmishes.

October 4– Tuesday– Mooers Forks, New York– Birth of Eliza Kellas, the first daughter and second child of Alexander and Elizabeth Perry Kellas. She will become an educator, in 1911 the principal of the Emma Willard School [formerly Troy Female Seminary] and in 1916 the president of the Russell Sage College of Practical Arts, holding joint appointments until 1928. [Dies April 10, 1943].

Eliza Kellas

Eliza Kellas

October 4– Tuesday– Wheeling, West Virginia– “John M. Phillips was arrested on Saturday evening upon sworn evidence that he had yelled for Jeff Davis and not for cheering for McClellan, as has been stated by a newspaper of this city. Singularly enough, Phillips, though a rank rebel, is not a McClellan man. He has been in the rebel army and has taken the oath of allegiance before the Federal Court and given bond for his good behavior. We learn that he will be held for trial by a Military Commission for a violation of his oath.” ~ Wheeling Intelligencer.

October 4– Tuesday– Washington, D.C.– “But little at the Cabinet of special importance. Governor Dennison, the new Postmaster-General, for the first time took his seat.” ~ Diary of Gideon Welles. [Ohio-born William Dennison, now approaching his 49th birthday, is a lawyer, businessman, banker and politician, one of the founders of the Republican Party and served as governor of Ohio from 1860 to 1862. He chaired the Republican National Convention in Baltimore which nominated Lincoln for reelection. His appointment to replace Montgomery Blair is both a reward and insurance of certain segments of Republican voters. Dennison dies June 15, 1882.]

William Dennison

William Dennison

October 4– Tuesday– Winchester, Virginia– “I met a lady a days since who has had three brothers killed and one maimed for life since the war began. She is still bitter and desires to have the war go on.” ~ Diary of Elisha Hunt Rhodes.

October 4– Tuesday– Petersburg, Virginia– “There is no fighting going on now. They fought last Thursday, Friday & Saturday. The Yanks still hold a small portion of our works on each wing, which it will be hard to recapture now and I do not think will be tried anymore. Our loss is said to be very light. The enemy’s loss is reported to be heavy. The spirits of the army are reviving now, though they have never been at a low ebb. We have checked Grant in all his grand movements on Richmond, inflicted severe loss on him, and we have high hopes that with the aid of Forrest in the rear that Hood will be enabled to drive Sherman from Georgia soil. I look for trouble from Sherman’s raids as it seems there is a large gap left open for him but I will hope for the best.” ~ Letter from Confederate soldier Marion Hill Fitzpatrick to his wife Amanda.

October 4– Tuesday– Acworth, Georgia; Moon’s Station, Georgia; near Lost Mountain, Georgia; near Richwoods, Missouri; near Memphis, Tennessee; White’s Station, Tennessee; near Bayou Sara, Louisiana– Harrying, incursions and forays.

October 5– Wednesday– Huntington, Indiana– Lambdin P Milligan, age 52, a lawyer opposed to the war and involved with the pro-Southern group Knights of the Golden Circle, is arrested by Federal military authorities on charges of conspiracy, inciting insurrection and giving aid and comfort to the enemies of the United States. [He will eventually be freed by a decision of the U S Supreme Court, ex parte Milligan, 71US2 (1866).]

Lambdin P Milligan

Lambdin P Milligan

October 5– Wednesday– near Mt Crawford, Virginia– “I have reveille about one hour before day-break, am always awake, but never get up now, unless there are Rebs round. Did you see the new moon last night within a quarter of an inch of the evening star, and turning her back on him ? They must have been close together an hour before I could see them ; for an hour after, they were still less than an inch apart. They looked very strangely calm and peaceful and almost reproachful in the West last night, with the whole North and East, far and near, lighted up by burning barns and houses. Lieutenant Meigs was shot by a guerrilla, and by order [of General Sheridan] the village of Dayton and everything for several miles around was burned. I am very glad my Brigade had no hand in it. Though if it will help end bushwhacking, I approve it, and I would cheerfully assist in making this whole Valley a desert from Staunton north-ward, for that would have, I am sure, an important effect on the campaign of the Spring, but in partial burnings I see less justice and less propriety. I was sorry enough the other day that my Brigade should have had a part in the hanging and shooting of some of Mosby’s men who were taken, I believe that some punishment was deserved, but I hardly think we were within the laws of war, and any violation of them opens the door for all sorts of barbarity, it was all by order of the Division Commander, however. The war in this part of the country is becoming very unpleasant to an officer’s feelings. . . .I think that we shall move soon. As we are foraging our horses entirely upon the country, we have to move frequently, but lately we have done a little too much of it. This is a very scrubby letter and written before breakfast, too. I do wish this war was over! Never mind. I’m doing all I can to end it.” ~ Letter from Union officer Charles Russell Lowell to his wife Josephine.

October 5– Wednesday– Richmond, Virginia– “The inmates of Stuart Hospital, formerly the old Fair Grounds, were thrown into a state of excitement yesterday by a desperate encounter which took place there between two men, one of whom was named D. B. Craddock. The unknown picked up a chair and struck Craddock over the head, whereupon, he drew a knife and inflicted a wound in the bowels of the other, which is likely to prove fatal. Subsequently, Craddock was arrested, and committed to Castle Thunder to await an examination by court martial.” ~ Richmond Whig.

October 5– Wednesday– Allatoona, Georgia– In hard fighting, Federal forces repel a Confederate attack. Total casualties– dead, wounded, missing– amount to 706 for the Union troops and 799 for the Confederate attackers. [The battle inspires the hymn “Hold the Fort, For We Are Coming” by Phillip Paul Bliss (1838– 1876).]

October 5– Wednesday– New Hope Church, Georgia; Thompson’s Creek, Louisiana; near St Francisville, Louisiana; Saint Charles, Louisiana; Atchafalaya, Louisiana; along the Osage River, Missouri– Bitter skirmishing.

October 5– Wednesday– Bensancon, France– Birth of Louis Jean Lumiere, pioneer movie maker. [Dies June 6, 1948.]

the Lumiere brothers, cinema pioneers

the Lumiere brothers, cinema pioneers

October 5– Wednesday– Marggrabona, East Prussia [now part of Poland]– Birth of Arthur Zimmerman, who will serve as Germany’s Foreign Secretary from November, 1916 to August, 1917. [Dies June 6, 1940.]

October 5– Wednesday– Calcutta, India– A cyclone kills approximately 70,000 people and destroys much of the city.

October 6– Thursday– New York City– “Read . . . The Trial . . . by the admirable Miss Charlotte Yonge . . . . This is the best thing the lady has written for a long while. . . . I am ashamed of being so much gratified by this little kind voice from sordid old England.” ~ Diary of George Templeton Strong. [Yonge, 1823– 1901, will publish 160 works between 1848 and her death.]

Charlotte Yonge

Charlotte Yonge

October 6– Thursday– Washington, D.C.– “Admiral Porter has arrived from Cairo and proceeds to-morrow to Hampton Roads to take command of the North Atlantic Squadron. It is with reluctance that he comes into this transfer, but yet he breathes not an objection. I should not have mentioned the circumstance but for the fact that many put a false construction upon it. He will have a difficult task to perform and not the thanks he will deserve, I fear, if successful, but curses if he fails.” ~ Diary of Gideon Welles.

October 6– Thursday– outside Petersburg, Virginia– “I set myself this morning to let you know that I am well at present and I hope these lines will find you all well. I was out on picket on Sunday night and Monday and I seen lots of rebels [from] where we stand picket . . . . we ain’t in very much danger. Hally, I would like to se you and the little ones but I Don’t suppose that I will for awhile but I want you to send me your likeness . . . . Hally I dream about home nearly every night. I dream that I was talking to you . . . . I can set in my tent and see the steeples in Petersburg. See them very plain. We have moved about 5 miles from the camp that we was at when I wrote to you before. There was a man shot in our regiment. He was shot by one of his own men. He was on picket and he went to relieve him and he halted him and he did not stop.” ~ Letter from Union soldier Sylvester McElheney to his wife Harriet.

October 6– Thursday– Brock’s Gap, Virginia; Kingsport, Tennessee; Florence, Alabama; Cole County, Missouri– Raids and melees.

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