Brilliant Victory Achieved~November 1864~the 12th to 14th

Brilliant Victory Achieved ~ President Lincoln

Lincoln receives the resignation of George McClellan and promotes Phil Sheridan. Nervous officials in Richmond arrest the suspected disloyal, both female and male. According to sources in Wheeling, refugees from the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia include men seeking to avoid conscription in the Confederate army. In Georgia, Sherman’s troops begin to move in the next campaign. People are still talking about the Confederate raid upon St Alban’s.

Union soldiers in Atlanta

Union soldiers in Atlanta

November 12– Saturday– New York City– “We devote a large space, this week, to illustrations of the recent rebel raid upon St. Alban’s, Vermont. . . . The raid was made upon it on the afternoon of Wednesday, the 19th [of] October. . . . Their leader, one Bennet H. Young, pretends to be an officer in the rebel army. We shall publish a portrait of him, together with additional sketches, illustrative of the raid, in our next paper. The raiders were promptly pursued by a party of armed citizens of St. Albans, under Captain Conger. The pursuit lay in the direction of Sheldon Creek, at which point the flying robbers set fire to the bridge, in order to protect their retreat. They were, however, followed into Canada, where a number of them– 14 at latest accounts– have been captured. They are claimed by the United States, under the extradition treaty, as murderers and burglars. Their examination was commenced at St. Johns, but will probably be completed at Montreal. The Canadian Government has behaved in the most prompt and just manner in this business, and there is no doubt that the miscreants who perpetrated a series of foul murders and robberies at St. Albans will be brought to justice and punished according to their deserts. They are defended at present before the Canadian court by George N. Sanders. If they prove indeed to be Confederate soldiers their case will not be improved, seeing that Canada will exact reparation for violation of a neutral soil. The greater part of the stolen money has been recovered. The frontier is under arms, and no apprehension need be entertained of any more rebel raids from Canada.” ~ Frank Leslie’s Weekly.

November 12– Saturday– Augusta County, Virginia– “I received yours of the ninth yesterday – was glad to hear that you were getting along so well. I just returned from Aunt Sallie’s yesterday evening – we had quite a nice visit – they all wished you could have been along; none of the girls were at home but Harriet Mattie is down at Moscow with her sister – her husband is dead, died at Lynchburg took gangrene in his wound . . . . Ma said to tell you she did not send you any thing, as you requested not – she would like to send you some apples if she knew where to send them Pa has not got all of his apples gathered yet he is busy working with his potatoes & corn – he thinks he will have about 75 bushels potatoes. There are some men here now gathering the corn out field for the Artillery horses. I heard last Thursday that Jim Hanger was killed. I do now know whether it is true or not – he went to see Miss Paxton in Rockbridge several times when he was at home last summer, when she heard he was killed she said to his sister ‘I told you he would keep a bullet from killing some good man.’ I believe I have no interesting news to write this time. Aunt Sallie’s said to give their best respects to you. The family all send their love to you. Sister is going to Greenville and I will have to close as I have to send the letter over there. I hope you will get home soon – nothing more, but remain your affectionate Wife until death.” ~ Letter from Ginnie Ott to her husband Enos.

CW graves-3

November 12– Saturday– Richmond, Virginia– “Miss Mary Jane Bayne, a young woman of fascinating appearance, was committee to Castle Thunder this morning as a suspicious character. She claims to be a native of North Carolina, but says that for a year or so back she has possessed as her paramour a certain Yankee lieutenant, who sojourned in Knoxville, Tennessee.” ~ Richmond Whig.

November 12– Saturday– Atlanta, Georgia– General Sherman sends a message to General Thomas in Nashville, Tennessee as prepares to launch his “march to the Sea.” He will be out of communication with the North until December 13.

November 12– Saturday– Allatoona, Georgia– “Up at 2 A.M. had breakfast at 3 AM, were under way at the appointed time, our Brigade having the advance. Reached Cassville by daylight. The place was burned by our troops last Summer and presented nothing but a mass of ruins. Only two houses are standing and they are churches. Reached Cartersville at 10 AM where we halted several hours. Everything at Cartersville has been destroyed today. Quite a number of wagons were burned and enough medical supplies to last a Division 3 months. Some of the brave heroes who fell at Allatoona were buried here. Colonel Bedfield, Captain Agors etc. We passed through the famous Allatoona pass this afternoon. If Sherman had attempted to reach Atlanta through this pass he certainly would have been defeated. Reached Allatoona at 3 P.M. Passed over the battle ground of October 4th and 5th which still presents many evident signs of a hard fought battle.” ~ Diary of Cornelius C. Platter.

November 12– Saturday– Newton, Virginia; Cedar Creek, Virginia; Nineveh, Virginia; Centreville, Missouri– Skirmishing.

November 13– Saturday– Salisbury, Maryland– Birth of James Canon, Jr, temperance activist, minister and leader in the Methodist Episcopal Church South. [He will be tainted by political and personal scandal in his last decade of life. Dies September 6, 1944.]

James Canon Jr

James Canon Jr

November 13– Sunday– Marietta, Georgia– “In Marietta by 11 or 12 PM. Entering square, saw our men with fire engine front of Court House, pumping hard, and man inside with hose. Fires appear sundry places, and again in Court House, and at last this breaks out, and fairly burning. All our staff, and all other officers I heard, regret and condemn. Inquired– Nobody knew how set on fire: but had three times put it out and tried hard to save it – twas no use. This soon blazed furiously, and this set other buildings on fire, across the street, and opposite hotel. Elsewhere on Square large stores, etc. begun to burn, and spread. Large buildings opposite left of hotel showed smoke. This was put out by Major McCoy of our staff, and was saved. Found that up to this morning there were guards around these buildings, but they had gone on with column, and thus in unguarded interval fire was set without orders.” ~ Diary of Henry Hitchcock.

November 14– Monday– Wheeling, West Virginia– “Another lot of about twenty refugees from different portions of Old Virginia arrived in the city on Saturday. During their stay they were quartered in the Union Campaign Club Room. The most of them are shrewd intelligent men, and a few were original secessionists. They inform us that in order to escape the rebel pickets, they traveled through the mountains for more than a hundred miles without striking a road. They came in through Greenland Gap, about five thousand men having preceded them on the same route. Some of the men with whom we conversed are from the southern part of the State and others from the eastern part, from neither of which sections are the means of escape so easy. Those who desire to come North have therefore to employ a little strategy, the employment of which is not necessary in the Valley. The last call of the rebel authorities, made about a month ago, was for the men who had been previously detailed to gather crops and carry on indispensable manufactories. They were ordered to report at different places and were allowed to choose a regiment in which to serve. These men selected regiments doing duty in the Valley, knowing that their chances of escape would be better. These men say that [Confederate General] Early does not hope to occupy the valley much longer. All the government stores are being removed to Lynchburg. Two of the refugees of whom we speak, assured us that they had heard hundreds of rebel soldiers say they would desert if Lincoln was elected – that it was no use fighting any longer and that they would not do it.” ~ Wheeling Daily Intelligencer.

refugees

refugees

November 14– Monday– New Market, Virginia– “We had our battle of the 19th of October when we had the greatest victory of the war in the morning and one of the greatest losses in the evening – and needlessly, Our men giving way from a panic; then the General sent me to Richmond with dispatches and I was gone several days, but was only home from midnight until 4 o’clock one night – that consumed some days – then I had to make maps of the battle of the 19th for a report; then we have just gotten back from another expedition down the Valley in which we went to Newtown – went down to see what Sheridan was doing – found him fortified there and fixing to spend the Winter near Charles Town. . . . I expect I shall be able to spend the winter in Staunton, not far from home and I hope to take a furlough early in the season and come over to see you. How are you off for forage? Do you have any hay or grass. I should like to put one of my horses somewhere for the winter to live on hay and be well cared for. What is the state of things with you? I shall be greatly obliged for a barrel or keg of sorghum molasses; provisions are scarce and dear and everything helps. Did your sweet potato crop do anything? I wish you had a snug place in the Valley but I fear you would find it hard to buy one now, unless you could get one of the abandoned farms in Rockingham, left by men that went off with Sheridan. . . . Sara gets along finely managing and keeps up her spirits admirably. Is full of energy and hope. The children are growing rapidly. I should enjoy a visit to you very much and if I come have you any way to come to Rockfish after me and shall I bring along the whole family and have a visitation? Hope Harriet has gotten well.” ~ Letter from Confederate officer Jedediah Hotchkiss to his brother Nelson.

November 14–Monday– Washington, D.C.– “Ordered by the President: I. That the resignation of George B. McClellan as major-general in the United States Army, dated November 8 and received by the Adjutant-General on the 10th instant, be accepted as of the 8th of November. II. That for the personal gallantry, military skill, and just confidence in the courage and patriotism of his troops displayed by Philip H. Sheridan on the 19th day of October at Cedar Run, whereby, under the blessing of Providence, his routed army was reorganized, a great national disaster averted, and a brilliant victory achieved over the rebels for the third time in pitched battle within thirty days. Philip H. Sheridan is appointed major-general in the United States Army, to rank as such from the 8th day of November, 1864.” ~ Executive order of President Lincoln.

Abraham_Lincoln

November 14– Monday– Richmond, Virginia– “Lazarus Long, Elijah Person, and J. Phillips, workmen at the Tredegar Iron Works, were arrested on Saturday, while trying to escape to the enemy’s lines. They were committed to Castle Thunder, that common receptacle of the vicious, the disloyal and the suspected.” ~ Richmond Sentinel.

November 14– Monday– Jonesboro, Tennessee– Birth of Claribel Cone, the fifth of the thirteen children of Herman and Helen Cone. She will graduate first in her class from the Woman’s Medical College of Baltimore and have a distinguished career as a pathologist. The fortune she will inherit will enable her and her younger sister Etta to become art collectors of artists including Matisse, Manet, Degas, Renoir, Cezanne and Picasso. [Dies September 20, 1929]

Dr  Claribel Cone

Dr Claribel Cone

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