The Perfection of Campaigning~ November 1864~ 28th to 29th

The Perfection of Campaigning ~ Henry Hitchcock.

Chief Black Kettle

Chief Black Kettle

Confederate efforts in Georgia fail to stop the Federal advance. Mary Chesnut despairs. Both sides prepare for a major battle in Tennessee. Militia in Colorado massacre Native Americans.

November 28– Monday– Englewood, New Jersey– Birth of Mary Katherine Jones Bennett, educator, leader in home mission and interdenominational work in the United Presbyterian Church. The second of two daughters of Henry and Winifred Jones, Mary Katherine will work energetically for civic improvement, the advancement of women, especially in the church, and with Carrie Chapman Catt and Jane Addams in the cause of world peace. [Dies April 11, 1950.]

women for peace -- 1915

women for peace — 1915

November 28– Monday– Wheeling, West Virginia– “We learn that a number of guerrillas entered West Warren, Monongalia county, early one morning last week, and after a sharp skirmish with some home guards succeeding in robbing a store and stealing several horses. The report says the rebels lost two of their men.” ~ Wheeling Daily Intelligencer.

November 28– Monday– near New Market, Virginia– “I wrote you a line & enclosed with [it] a letter from Margaret but thinking you might fail to get it I shall again write. I wish you to purchase 80 to 120 yards good cotton cloth I also wish you to exchange $1000 [paper money] for Gold. You can check on the Bank in the name of H & E Ott. Mess Tyler & son will assist you, you will also have to get [a] check for enough in addition to the $1000 to pay for the cotton cloth buy so cheap as you can in buying a good article also if you buy or have bought the Beaver cloth for Margaret & Jinnie. The mail is leaving & I must close. . . . Write to me at Home & request them to sent it to me.” ~ Letter from Henry Ott to his brother Enos Ott in Richmond.

November 28– Monday– Staunton, Virginia– “I seat my self to let you know how I am getting on – this leaves me in very good health hoping this will reach you in due time & find you enjoying all the rich blessing I can wish – I have no news to write – I am very anxious to hear from you as it has been18 days since I have had a letter from you – they have been coming in 6 days – I think I will be certain to get one tonight as you stated you was poorly when you wrote – I am afraid you are sick . . . if I stay here I will get a 60 days furlough this winter as they give all the attendants furloughs I don’t know how it will be with me at the regiment about getting a furlough . . .. I hope by the spring we can all come home to stay & enJoy our selves as before – you must excuse my short letters as I write every week – you must write every chance & let me no how you are getting on – I desire a intrust in your prayers.” ~ Letter from Confederate soldier John Jarrett to his wife Mary.

November 28– Monday– Richmond, Virginia– Guards arrest thirteen patients at the Winder Hospital on gambling charges.

Sherman's troops on the march

Sherman’s troops on the march

November 28– Monday– Petersburg, Virginia– Based upon news from a fellow soldier, a man writes, “Sherman with his army passed through Cedartown a few days before he left. Camped around Cedartown one night. They burned every house in town that was not occupied: Court house, all the storehouses, grocers, blacksmith shops and every house that there was no person living in. They take and kill everything as they go. Kill all the stock, ducks, chickens, &c., take all the provisions both for beast and man. I did not hear what they did to Father’s. I expect they tore him up. They went out to old Mrs. Battle’s and tore open all her feather beds and poured them out in the middle of the floor, poured three sacks of salt on them and a sack of wheat bran and a jug of vinegar and stirred them all together. My dear, I am very uneasy about you. I ought to have received a letter from you three or four nights ago, but still I hear nothing. I fear the mail has been stopped to that point. If so, I do not know what I will do. hope things will soon get quiet in that department and Sherman and all of his army be captured but that is almost one of the impossibilities. I don’t want you to become frightened should they ever get there, for I don’t think they will try to hurt you or insult you, unless you should say something out of the way. I would give everything I am worth to be there.” ~ Letter from a Confederate soldier to his wife in Georgia.

November 28– Monday– Columbia, South Carolina– “We dined at Mrs. Mc Cord’s. She is as strong a cordial for broken spirits and failing heart as one could wish. How her strength contrasts with our weakness. Like Doctor Palmer, she strings one up to bear bravely the worst. She has the intellect of a man and the perseverance and endurance of a woman. Poor Cheves’ beautiful young widow was there– not yet twenty, and for more than two years in widow’s caps. She has a touchingly pathetic smile. It enhances her beauty wonderfully. We have lost nearly all of our men, and we have no money, and it looks as if we had taught the Yankees how to fight since Manassas. Our best and bravest are under the sod ; we shall have to wait till another generation grows up. Here we stand, despair in our hearts.” ~ Diary of Mary Chesnut.

Mary Chesnut

Mary Chesnut

November 28– Monday– near Louisville, Georgia– “Thus we approached Ogeechee [River] at two points– one column at Louisville, which is ten to twelve miles above railroad bridge, and other three columns coming towards railroad bridge across the Ogeechee which is at Station 10. Meanwhile Kilpatrick has gone far round to the North from Milledgeville via Sparta, with orders to choose his own road and strike and cut R.R. at or near Waynesboro, between Augusta and Millen, thence to come down on Millen if possible with dash and rescue prisoners and again cut Savannah railroad below Millen. Today’s march on sandy roads, and through woods chiefly pines, though as yet we still see oaks and other trees. Good farms along the traveled roads, and crops have all been good. We see hardly any cotton – corn almost exclusively instead – for which we are much obliged. We often laugh over J.D.’s [Confederate President Jefferson Davis] idea that Sherman’s army will be starved out. Never was an army so bountifully supplied.” ~Diary of Henry Hitchcock.

destroying Georgia railroads

destroying Georgia railroads

November 28– Monday– Buckhead Creek, Georgia– Confederate forces attempting to stop or slow General Sherman’s drive toward to coast attack Union troops but suffer a serious defeat. Federal losses– killed, wounded and missing– are 46; Confederate casualties total approximately 600.

John Chivington

John Chivington

November 28–Monday– Sand Creek, Colorado–At night 700 militia under John Chivington, using four artillery pieces, launch a surprise attack upon the camp of the Cheyenne. They kill 105 women and children and 28 mostly unarmed men. The Cheyenne had an American and a white flag clearly flying over their camp.

Sand Creek memorial

Sand Creek memorial

November 28– Monday– Shelbyville, Tennessee; near Davidsborough, Georgia; Waynesborough, Georgia; Goresville, Virginia; Cow Creek, Kansas; west of Cumberland, Maryland– Raids and skirmishes.

November 29– Tuesday– Washington, D.C.– The Passport Bureau of the State Department asserts that “there is no distinction made to regard to color. Passports can be obtained by any one complying with the regulations.”

November 29– Tuesday– Moffett’s Creek Virginia– “Mr Junkin held sacramental meeting last Sabbath– commencing Friday he had no assistance, had a very slim congregation Friday but pretty good Saturday and Sunday. Text on Sunday in 21st chapter John, verse 16. Words ‘Lovest thou me’– he preached a very impressive sermon, and was listened to with attention. Oh that the word preached may find lodgment and bring deep conviction to many hearts, that many may ask themselves ‘do I love Jesus’ & Seek Him and find Him precious to their souls. I believe I have nothing new or strange to write. Aunt Mag wrote you a few lines in which I suppose she told you some news. Please write soon and all the news you can and believe me to be your affectionate Niece.” ~ Letter from Hannah to her uncle Enos Ott.

November 29– Tuesday– Spring Hill, Tennessee– After heavy skirmishing, a force of 7,000 Federal troops, along with artillery and all their supplies, eludes the 12,000 soldiers of John Bell Hood’s Confederates and successfully joins other Union forces at Franklin, Tennessee.

November 29– Tuesday– near Rocky Creek, Georgia– “Certainly this is the perfection of campaigning. Since we left Sandersville I have seen nothing of an enemy. We know, however, that it is dangerous to go off the roads or to get either before or behind the army. But no orders nor danger can prevent squads of men going off foraging, and only yesterday a lieutenant and small party were ‘gobbled’ in our rear on the very road we had just come over in the morning. And this though it is well understood that to be made prisoner probably means to have one’s throat cut at once.” ~ Diary of Henry Hitchcock.


November 29– Tuesday– Smith’s Spring, Tennessee; Hunt’s Crossroads, Tennessee; Rally Hill, Tennessee; Mount Carmel, Tennessee; Thompson’s Station, Tennessee; Louisville, Georgia; Boyd’s Landing, South Carolina; Charles Town, west Virginia; Doyal’s Plantation, Louisiana; near Dardanelle, Arkansas– Engagements, tussles, firefights and clash of arms.

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